The Quran is the speech of Allaah that was revealed and not created. Refraining from declaring this is definitely an innovation and a misguidance. Those who refrained from giving their opinion on whether the Quran is created or not created were known as Al-Waaqifah and Ash-Shaakkah.
Kitab al-Wasiyyah – Aftaab e Wilayat
The majority of the scholars of Ahlus-Sunnah dispraised them and severely reprimanded and condemned them. Ibn Taymiyyah said:. As regards Imaam Abu Haneefah his view is the same as the view of Ahlus-Sunnah, that the Quran is the speech of Allaah that was revealed and not created; and it was not confirmed from him that he said what is contrary to this.
Muhammad al-Khamees , reads:. These are the words of the Imaam quoted from al-Fiqh al-Akbar: 'The Quran is not created;' and he said in Al-Wasiyyah, 'We acknowledge that the Quran is the speech of Allaah, and it is not created. I have not come, in the books that are attributed to him, across a statement that is contrary to this view. Allaah knows best. Fatwa Date: - Safar 14, Email Print. Question Assalaamu alaykum. Allah sees Himself - Hadeeth about lowering rope into well.
It deals with purchase and sale, conditions of transactions, types of transactions like cash or credit sales, profits, usury, and so on. It also explains rules of contracts, pronounced or by conduct.
Muflis means a bankrupt, who cannot pay off his debts. The Islamic jury would immediately issue an order to restrain such a person from using his wealth till such time when a thorough assessment has been made, and possible payments to the creditors have been arranged. It is an interdiction where an owner of wealth or property is restrained from having any say in its use, like in the cases of a bankrupt, a minor, an insane person, a dying person who intends to will beyond his right of one third, a fool etc. It means a warranty or guarantee.
Muhaqqiq Hilli has included all sureties and promissory notes in this category.
Sulh here does not mean peace agreement or truce. It actually means settlement, concession or compromise. For example, to settle a debt whose exact figure is not known by offering a certain sum, and so on.
It means joint ownership, like in the case of inheritance. As long as it has not been divided, it belongs jointly to all the heirs. It also means partnership. Interestingly, there are cases of unwilling partners, when wheat owned by one person gets mixed up with wheat belonging to another, and separating is impossible.
Partnership in businesses, industries and agriculture are contracted by an agreement. It is a partnership between capital and labour. When a man or a group of men investing their capital for a business, enter into an agreement with those who will put in their labour or will manage, they must first agree about the share of dividends, and then either pronounce a formula for mudhariba, or make some practical gestures.
This is a type of Mudhariba, but with a difference. Instead of an arrangement between a businessman, an industrialist and a worker, it is an agreement between a landowner and a person who will work to till the land and carry out plantation, with a clear understanding about profit sharing when the harvest is ready.
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Musaqat is an arrangement between the farmer or garden owner, and the worker who undertakes to water the garden etc. Again, it is absolutely necessary that a prior agreement on the proportion of profit to be shared by each is reached.
The Book Of Wisdoms [Kitab al-Hikam]
In Mudharibah, Muzariah and Musaqat, the profit, little or more, is proportionately shared, but the losses are borne by the capitalist alone. This is just like Amanat, where a person deposits his property in trust with another person, making him responsible for its protection and security. This chapter deals with the responsibilities of the trustee, particularly in the circumstances of loss or damage. To borrow something from a person, with an intention of benefiting from it. The difference between this and wadeeah is that in wadeeah a person is given something to hold in trust, with no permission to use it in any way; while in ariyah, a person agrees to lend his property to another person with a clear understanding that the latter will use it to derive some benefit.
Simple example is lending a car to someone for his use, lending clothes for wearing etc. To hire, or give on rent. This is done in two ways. Either one gives away his property to another for use against an agreed sum of rent, or one undertakes to complete a certain peace of work against payment.
The difference is that in any business or sale, a commodity is exchanged with money or its value, while in ijarah, the property itself is not exchanged, but its utilisation or benefit is hired or rented out. To appoint someone authorising him to enter into a contract on one's behalf or to make a certain commitment.
Related Kitab al-Wasiyyah
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